Info

The Azusa in the Saturn Apollo onboard systems. IBM personnel in the early months of 1965 participated in on-site training at MSFC in preparation for assuming the IU task. In March the contractor gradually began to assume the IU mission responsibility. IBM's procurement responsibility became effective with the Saturn S-IU-204 for the majority of components not government furnished. Exceptions included the structural assemblies for S-IU-200 500S-II and S-IU-202 and subsequent vehicles, cable...

List Of Illustrations

Successful Program Ends Frontispiece Headquarters Area 8 MS FC Directory Chart 11 Visitor In Test Area 26 Disney Visits Center 28 P& VE Facilities 30 SA-9 Vehicle Launched 40 SA-8 In Pre launch Test 48 S-IV Stage at SACTO 56 S-IVB Fires At SACTO 90 J-2 Engine Inspection 92 IU Being Assembled 98 S-IB Dynamic Stage Arrives 114 LEM Test Model At MSFC 116 Saturn IB Booster 122 First Flight S.-IVB 124 Saturn Transporter 126 Second and Third Boosters Form 130 Saturn IB Centaur Saturn Barge...

Saturn Ib Summary

Primary effort in the Saturn IB program during the year 1965 has been directed toward proving the Saturn IB design through ground tests and toward preparing the first vehicles for flight. Completion of the Saturn IB S-IVB Battleship testing at the Sacramento Test Center (SACTO) on May 4 established the validity of the S-IVB design concepts and the functional operation of flight-type hardware. Successful static firing of the first S-IB flight stage (S-IB-1) at MSFC on April 1 verified its...

Of Sic Stage

Made at an MSFC assembly building, the S-IC-1 are framed by supports and S-IC-D left the MAF dock aboard the barge Poseidon on October 6, 1965. The stage arrived at MSFC's Saturn V dock October 13. On October 14 personnel moved the stage aboard its transporter to the ME Lab for storage until needed. Simulated engines were installed on December 7. At the end of the year S-IC-D was waiting for completion of modifications to the Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility. Facility readiness was expected in...

Maf

Test personnel at SACTO attempted the first Saturn V development firing of the S-IVB battleship the test ended after seven seconds because of an automatic cutoff. In its last captive-firing condition test at MSFC S-IC-S withstood 140 per cent of the design load. The S-IC-D emerged from the assembly tower at MAF. The S-II simulator and accompanying equipment was unloaded and stored at MTF. - S-IVB-500F arrived at KSC for use in facilities checkout - The entire Saturn V Road, from MSFC...

Earthorbital Studies

In addition to orbital studies covered in the AAP section of this chapter, MSFC engaged in a variety of other earth-orbital studies, both in-house and through contracts. Part of a continuing study of orbital launch operations to support manned planetary and lunar missions ended in October 1965. This was the Advanced Orbital Launch Operations (AOLO) study performed by Ling-Temco-Vought. This phase of the AOLO study began in May 1964 and was valued at 228,000. Its general purpose was to develop...

General Articles

Apollo Pallet Design Contractors Picked, Space News Roundup, November 26, 1965, Public Affairs Office, Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas. Director Endorses Operation Papermill Campaign at MSFC, Marshall Star, Vol. 6, No. 12, Public Affairs Office, MSFC, December 8, 1965. 1st Flight Model S-IVB Completes Acceptance Test Marshall Star, Vol. 5, No. 45, August 11, 1965, Public Affairs Office, MSFC, Huntsville, IB Centaur Study Begun By Convair, Marshall Star, Vol. 5, No. 49, September 8,...

Index

(See also study projects by title) Aero Spacelines, Inc., 255 modification of Pregnant Guppy, 174-175 Aerojet-General Corp., 18 American Institute of Astronautics and Aeronautics (AIAA), 2 Aloha State (barge), ocean transportof S-IVB stages, 113, 178 Alabama, state officials, 27 American Federation of Government Employees, Redstone Arsenal Lodge 1858, 2 Andressen, C. C. Jr., appointment of, 16 Apollo Applications Program (AAP) summary of, 9, 10 S-IVB Orbital Workshop, management of, 12 Apollo...

Sict Installed For Test

The ail systems S-IC stage is erected in the captive firing stand at MSFC on March 1, 1965. All five F-l engines on the S-IC all systems stage fire at the MSFC static test facility. Activated in April 1965, this stand was the scene of 15 captive firings during the rest of the year. in the period from March 27 to March 30. The first S-IC-T single- ngine firing occurred on April 9 and was unintentionally terminated during start transition at approximately 40 per cent of rated thrust. -The second...

Preface

Entitled Marshall Historical Monograph Number 11, this is the tenth in a series of histories about the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center. Prior to this present publication the periodic histories were published semi-annually. This is the first MSFC history covering a full year. The following pages document the most historic events at the Center during the Calendar Year 1965. The historical background of the Center's scientific group goes back more than three decades prior to activation of...

Technical Reports

Advanced Studies Program, Advanced Systems Office, MSEC, Huntsville, Alabama, October 1966. ATUM Study Program, Final Report, Ball Brothers Research Corporation, April 1, 1966. D5-13183, Final Report Studies of Improved Saturn V Vehicles and Intermediate Payload Vehicles (P-115) Summary, Boeing Company, October 7, 1966. FR-MTS-01, Final Report, Pegasus Program, 1965, Fairchild Hiller Space Systems Division, October 1965. IBM 66-966-0016, Saturn IU Program Plan, IBM Space Systems Center,...

Iu Being Assembled

An Instrument Unit is shown in the Huntsville IBM plant's manufacturing area. controls the mode and sequence of functions in all stages. The IU consists of six major systems the structural system, the environmental control system, the guidance and control systems, measuring and telemetry system, and the electrical system. MSFC is responsible for the IU design and development leading to production release of IU components. The Center has responsiblity for the overall mission and concept control...

Saturn Barge Flotilla

Three NASA barges used in transporting Saturn stages are seen on the Tennessee River near MSFC early in 1965. The barges are tied together and pushed by a single tugboat. The two covered barges contain Saturn IB stages bound for MSFC. The S-IB stage land transporter, operational for several years, is the same fixture used in assembling the stage. The fixture is set on two dolly assemblies and is towed by a prime mover such as an M-26 military tractor. The transporter is also employed as a...

Vehicle Ground Support Equipment

Launch vehicle ground support equipment GSE includes the hardware used to check out assembled vehicles, to handle, transport, and service TV. MSFC, Launch Vehicle Project Engines Development Plan, July 1, 1965, pp. 1-3 arid. 2-27. 72. Engine Prog. Off., Semi-Annual Prog. Rpt., July--Dec. 1965, p. 34. the stages and instrument unit, and to launch the vehicle. Only the most significant items of GSE are covered in this report. Under supplements to the S-IC prime contract NASA selected Boeing to...

Sic Assembly At Michoud

Components of an S-IC stage are shown in May 1965 at Michoud Assembly Facility Boeing manufacturing area . pounds empty and 4,68 million pounds fully fueled for launch. Five F-l engines burn RP-1 fuel and liquid oxygen LOX each engine generates thrust of approximately 1.5 million pounds, for a total stage thrust of 7.5 million pounds. The S-IC stage powers the Apollo Saturn V vehicle for the first 152 seconds of flight. MSFC and the Boeing Company are jointly responsible for the design,...

Summary

All three stages of the Saturn V launch vehicle underwent full-duration ground test firings during 1965. The first complete S-IC stage S-IC-T, the all-systems test stage completed manufacturing at MSFC early in the year. Static testing began in April, about three months ahead of schedule, and ended successfully in December, one month earlier than expected. Five flight S-IC stages and four ground test stages were in various phases of manufacture. Delivery of the first flight stage S-IC-1 to...

Unit Delivered

S-IU-500ST, a Saturri V ground Test instrument unit, is delivered to the Saturn V System Development Facility at MSFC. completed component assembly on June 15. On August 6 application of heat-reflecting paint necessary for thrust-effect testing of structure and components was completed, and components were reinstalled. Checkout of the ground equipment test set started September 1 and was, completed by September 30. S-IU-500FS moved on December 6, 1965, from ME Laboratory to Quality and...

Teletypes

Bland, William M., Jr., Chief, Checkout and Test Division, Manned Spacecraft Center, to NASA Headquarters, Attn R. R. Gilruth, et al., subj., Apollo Mission A-104 SA-8 Flight Status Report, May 28, 1965. Boone, W. F., Deputy Associate Administrator for Defense Affairs, NASA, to RUECD Chief, Bureau of Ships, Department of Navy, Washington, et al., subj., Request for U.S. Navy Salvage Assistance, September 17, 1965. Debus, Kurt H., Director, Kennedy Space Center, to Dr. George E. Mueller...

Hurricane Hits Michoud

Building 420 at MAF, the Stage Test Position Facility, is shown after Hurricane Betsy in September 1965. Other construction work during the year included air-conditioning additions at Slidell, an 800-seat cafeteria, dock and road additions, additions to production facilities, and modifications to the deep well used for chemical waste disposal. Marine dock and storm drainage system improvements were underway. An unscheduled event at MAF that adversely affected facilities was Hurricane Betsy,...

Quality Laboratory

The structure in foreground is Building 4708 where Saturn boosters are checked out following assembly. At upper left is another Quality Lab building, used for receipt and inspection of components and subassemblies from contractors. At upper right is a Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory building. Center arrived at MSFC in June for installation in the breadboard facility by RCA personnel. It was operational by July 23. Unit No. 2, designated SDBF ML Mobile Launcher arrived at the Center on July...

January December

MSFC awarded to Dortech, Inc., a 1.3 million contract to build three of the seven S-IC stage transporters. Workmen at Seal Beach, California, completed assembly of S-II-S five days ahead of schedule. Aero Spacelines informed MSFC that it would continue the Very Pregnant Guppy project on its own pending formal NASA approval. NASA's West Coast barge, Orion, underwent sea trials and practice loading operations following its conversion from a Navy YFNB. MSFC announced these major revisions in the...

Moon Vehicle Concept

This is the Boeing concept of Local Scientific Survey Module LSSM , the product of a 1965 study contract. module LSSM . The LSSM would be much smaller than the Molab considered in the original Boeing and Bendix studies. It would provide astronauts with local mobility for transportation from the LEM shelter-laboratory. In support of the LSSM studies MSFC awarded, also in June 1965, two study contracts covering design, development, and fabrication of a Mobility Test Article MTA . The MTA models...