Survival Lights

Rucksack No. 2: one three-man life raft with C02 Inflater, one sea anchor, two sea dye markers, three sunbonnets one mooring lanyard, three manlines and two attach brackets.

The survival kit is designed to provide a 48-hour postlanding (water or land) survival capability for three crewmen between 40 degrees North and South latitudes.

Biomedical Inflight Monitoring

The Apollo 9 crew biomedical telemetry data received by the Manned Space Plight Network will be relayed for Instantaneous display at Mission Control Center where heart rate and breathing rate data will be displayed on the flight surgeon console„ Heart rate and respiration rate average, range and deviation are computed and displayed on digital TV screens.

In addition, the instantaneous heart rate, real time and delayed EKG and respiration are recorded on strip charts for each man.

Biomedical telemetry will be simultaneous from all crewmen while in the CSM, but selectable by a manual onboard switch in the 1M. During EVA the flight surgeons will be able to monitor the EVA lH pilot as well as the commander In the and the command module pilot in the CSM.

Biomedical data observed by the MOCR flight surgeon and his team in the Life Support Systems Staff Support Room will be correlated with spacecraft and spacesuit environmental data displays.

Blood pressures are no longer telemetered as they were in the Mercury and Gemini programs. Oral temperature, however, can be measured onboard for diagnostic purposes and voiced down by the crew in case of inflight illness.

Crew Launch-Day Timeline

Following is a timetable of Apollo 9 crew activities on launch day. (All times are shown in hours and minutes before liftoff.)

T-9:00 - Backup crew alerted

T-8:30 - Backup crew to LC-39A for spacecraft prelaunch checkouts

T-5 * 00 - Plight crew alerted T-4:45 - Medical examinations T-4:15 - Breakfast T-35^5 - Don pressure suits

T-3:30 - Leave Manned Spacecraft Operations Building for LC-39A via crew transfer van

T-3-10 - Enter elevator to spacecraft level

T-2:40 - Begin spacecraft Ingress

Rest-Work Cycles

All three Apollo 9 crewmen will sleep simultaneously during rest periods» The commander and the command module pilot will sleep in the couches and the lunar module pilot will sleep In the lightweight sleeping bag beneath the couches Since each day!s mission activity is of variable length, rest periods will not come at regular intervals.

During rest periods, both the commander and the command module pilot will wear their communications headsets and remain on alert duty, but with receiver volume turned down.

When possible, all three crewmen will eat together in 1-hour eat periods during which other activities will be held a minimum.

Crew Biographies

NAME: James A. McDivitt (Colonel, USAF) Spacecraft Commander

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born June 10, 1929, in Chicago, 111.

His parents, Mr. and Mrs. James McDivitt, reside in Jackson, Mich.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Brown hair; blue eyes; height: 5 feet 11 inches; weight: 155 pounds.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Kalamazoo Central High School,

Kalamazoo, Mich.; received a Bachelor of Science degree In Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Michigan (graduated first in class) in 1959 and an Honorary Doctorate In Astronautical Science from the University of Michigan in 1965.

MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Patricia A. Haas of

Cleveland, 0. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Haas, reside in Cleveland.

CHILDREN: Michael A., Apr. 14, 1957; Ann L., July 21, 1958;

Patrick W., Aug. 30, I960; Kathleen M., June 16, 1966.

OTHER ACTIVITIES: His hobbies include handball, hunting, golf, swimming, water skiing and boating.

ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tau Beta Pi and Phi Kappa Phi.

SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the NASA Exceptional Service Medal and the Air Force Astronaut Wings; four Distinguished Flying Crosses; five Air Medals; the Chong Moo Medal from South Korea; the USAF Air Force Systems Command Aerospace Primus Award; the Arnold Air Society JFK Trophy; the Sword of Loyola; and the Michigan Wolverine Frontiersman Award.

EXPERIENCE: McDivitt joined the Air Force in 1951 and holds the rank of Colonel. He flew 145 combat missions during the Korean War in F-80s and F-86s.

He is a graduate of the USAF Experimental Test Pilot School and the USAF Aerospace Research Pilot course and served as an experimental test pilot at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif.

He has logged 3,922 hours of flying time — 3,156 hours in jet aircraft.

Colonel McDivitt was selected as an astronaut by NASA In September 1962.

He was command pilot for Gemini a 66-orbit 4-day mission that began on June 3 and ended on June 7, 1965* Highlights of the mission included a controlled extravehicular activity period performed by pilot Ed White, cabin depressurization and opening of spacecraft cabin doors, and the completion of 12 scientific and medical experiments.

NAME: David R. Scott (Colonel, USAP) Command Module Pilot

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born June 6, 1932, in San Antonio, Tex.

His parents, Brigadier Gen. (USAF Ret.) and Mrs. Tom W. Scott, reside in LaJolla, Calif.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Blond hair; blue eyes; height: 6 feet; weight: 175 pounds.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Western High School, Washington, D.C.; received a Bachelor of Science degree from the U. S. Military Academy and the degree of Master of Science in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Ann Lurton Ott of San

Antonio, Tex. Her parents are Brigadier Gen. (USAF Ret.) and Mrs. Isaac W. Ott of San Antonio.

CHILDREN: Tracy L., Mar. 25, 1961; Douglas W., Oct. 8, 1963.

OTHER ACTIVITIES: His hobbles are swimming, handball, skiing and photography.

ORGANIZATIONS: Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics; member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots; Tau Beta Pi; Sigma Xi; and Sigma Gamma Tau.

SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, the Air Force Astronaut Wings, and the Distinguished Flying Cross; and recipient of the AIAA Astronautics


KXPERIENCE: Scott graduated fifth in a class of 633 at West Point and subsequently chose an Air Force career. He completed pilot training at Webb Air Force Base, Tex., in 1955 and then reported for gunnery training at Laughlin Air Force Base, Tex., and Luke Air Force Base, Ariz,

He was assigned to the 32nd Tactical Fighter Squadron at Soesterberg Air Force Base (RNAF), Netherlands, from Apr. 1956 to July i960. Upon completing this tour of duty, he returned to the United States for study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he completed work on his Master1s degree. His thesis at MIT concerned interplanetary navigation.

After completing his studies at MIT in June 1962, he attended the Air Force Experimental Test Pilot School and then the Aerospace Research Pilot School.

He has logged more than 3,800 hours flying time — 3,600 hours in Jet aircraft.

Col. Scott was one of the third group of astronauts named by NASA in Oct. 1963.

On Mar. 16, 1966, he and command pilot Neil Armstrong were launched into space on the Gemini 8 mission — a flight originally scheduled to last three days but terminated early due to a malfunctioning OAMS thruster. The crew performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space and demonstrated great piloting skill in overcoming the thruster problem and bringing the spacecraft to a safe landing.

NAME: Russell L. Schwelckart (Mr.) Lunar Module Pilot

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born Oct. 25, 1935, in Neptune, N. J. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. George Schwelckart, reside in Sea Girt, N.J.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Red hair; blue eyes; heights 6 feet; weight: l6l pounds.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Manasquan High School, N.J.; received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering and a Master of Science degree in Aeronautics and Astronautics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Clare G. Whitfield of Atlanta, Ga. Her parents are the Randolph Whitfields of Atlanta.

CHILDREN: Vicki, Sept. 12, 1959; Randolph and Russell, Sept. 8, I960; Elin, Oct. 19, 1961; Diana, July 26, 1964.

OTHER ACTIVITIES: His hobbies are amateur astronomy, photography and electronics.

ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the Sigma Xi.

EXPERIENCE: Schwelckart served as a pilot in the United States Air Force and Air National Guard from 1956 to 1963.

He was a research scientist at the Experimental Astronomy Laboratory at MIT and his work there included research in upper atmospheric physics, star tracking and stabilization of stellar images. His thesis for a Blaster's degree at MIT concerned stratospheric radiance.

Of the 2,400 hours flight time he has logged, 2,100 hours are in jet aircraft.

Schweickart was one of the third group of astronauts named by NASA in Oct. 1963*


Direction of the Apollo Program, the United States' effort to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth before 1970, is the responsibility of the Office of Manned Space Plight (OMSF), National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. Dr. George E. Mueller is Associate Administrator for Manned Space Plight.

NASA Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC), Houston, is responsible for development of the Apollo spacecraft, flight crew training and flight control. Dr. Robert R. Gilruth is Center Director.

NASA Marshall Space Plight Center (MSFC), Huntsville, Ala., is responsible for development of the Saturn launch vehicles. Dr. Wernher von Braun Is Center Director.

NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Fla., is responsible for Apollo/Saturn launch operations. Dr. Kurt H. Debus is Center Director.

NASA Goddard Space Plight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, Md., manages the Manned Space Flight Network under the direction of the NASA Office of Tracking and Data Acquisition (OTDA). Gerald M. Truszynski is Associate Administrator for Tracking and Data Acquisition. Dr. John P. Clark is Director of GSFC.

Apollo/Saturn Officials

NASA Headquarters Lt. Gen. Sam C. Phillips, (USAF)

George H. Hage

Chester M. Lee

Col. Thomas H. McMullen (USAF)

Worman Pozinsky

Apollo Program Director, OMSF

Apollo Program Deputy Director, Mission Director, OMSF

Assistant Mission Director, OMSF

Assistant Mission Director, OMSF

Director of Space Medicine, OMSF

Director, Network Support Implementation Div., OTDA

Manned Spacecraft Center George M. Low

Kenneth S. Kleinknecht

Brig. Gen. C. H. Bolender (USAF) Donald K. Slayton

Christopher C. Kraft, Jr. Eugene P. Kranz Gerald Griffin M. P. Prank Charles A. Berry

Manager, Apollo Spacecraft Program

Manager, Command and Service Modules

Manager, Lunar Module

Director of Plight Crew Operations

Director of Flight Operations

Plight Director

Flight Director

Flight Director

Director of Medical Research and Operations

Marshall Space Flight Center Maj. Gen. Edmund F. O'Connor

Lee B. James

William D. Brown

Director of Industrial Operations

Director of Mission Operations

Manager, Saturn V Program Office

Manager, Engine Program Office

Kennedy Space Center Miles Ross

Rear Adm. Roderick 0. Middleton (USN)

Deputy Director, Center Operations

Manager, Apollo Program Office

Rocco A. Petrone

Director, Launch Operations

Walter J. Kapryan

Dr. Hans P. Gruene

John J. Williams

Paul C. Donnelly

Goddard Space Flight Center Ozro M. Covington

Henry F. Thompson

H. William Wood Tecwyn Roberts

Department of Defense

Deputy Director, Launch Operations

Director, Launch Vehiole Operations

Director, Spacecraft Operations

Launch Operations Manager

Assistant Director for Manned Space Flight Tracking

Deputy Assistant Director for Manned Space Flight Support

Chief, Manned Flight Operations Div.

Chief, Manned Flight Engineering Div.

DOD Manager of Manned Space Flight Support Operations

Deputy DOD Manager of Manned Space Flight Support Operations, Commander of USAF Eastern Test Range

Commander of Combined Task Force 140, Atlantic Recovery Area

Commander of Combined Task Force 130, Pacific Recovery Are«

Director of DOD Manned Space Flight Office

Commander Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service

Major Apollo/Saturn V Contractors


Belleomra Washington, D.C.

The Boeing Co, Washington, D.C.

General Electric-Apollo Support Dept., Daytona Beach, Fla.

North American Rockwell Corp. Space Div., Downey, Calif.

Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp., Bethpage, N.Y.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

General Motors Corp., AC Electronics Div., Milwaukee

TRW Systems Ine* Redondo Beach, Calif.

Avco Corp., Space Systems Div., Lowell, Mass.

North American Rockwell Corp. Rocketdyne Div., Canoga Park, Calif.

The Boeing Co« New Orleans

North American Rockwell Corp.

Space Div.

Seal Beach, Calif.

McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co. :

Huntington Beach, Calif.


Apollo Systems Engineering

Technical Integration and Evaluation

Apollo Checkout and Reliability

Spacecraft Command and Service Modules

Lunar Module

Guidance & Navigation (Technical Management)

Guidance & Navigation (Manufacturing;

Trajectory Analysis

Heat Shield Ablative Material

J-2 Engines, F-l Engines

First Stages (SIC) of Saturn V Flight Vehicles, Saturn V Systems Engineering and Integration Ground Support Equipment

Development and Production of Saturn V Second Stage (S-II)

Development and Production of Saturn V Third Stage (S-IVB)

International Business Machines Federal Systems DIv. Huntsvllle, Ala.

Bendlx Corp.

Navigation and Control DIv.

Trans World Airlines, Inc. Federal Electric Corp.

Bendlx Field Engineering Corp.


ILC Industries Dover, Del.

Radio Corp. of America Van Nuys, Calif.

Sanders Associates Nashua, N. H.

Brown Engineering Huntsville, Ala.

Ingalls Iron Works Birmingham, Ala.

Smith/Ernst (Joint Venture) Tampi, Fla. Washington, D.C,

Power Shovel, Inc. Marion, Ohio

Hayes International Birmingham, Ala.

Instrument Unit (Prime Contractor)

Guidance Components for Instrument Unit (Including ST-124M Stabilised Platform)

Installation Support, KSC

Communications and Instrumentation Support, KSC

Launch Operations/Complex Support, KSC

Facilities Engineering and Modifications, KSC

Space Suits

110A Computer - Saturn Checkout

Operational Display Systems Saturn

Discrete Controls

Mobile Launchers (structural work)

Electrical Mechanical Portion of MLs


Mobile Launcher Service Arms

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