Nth Days

LANDMARK SIGHTINGS, PHOTOGRAPH SPECIAL TESTS

The seventh SPS burn is scheduled for the eighth day to extend orbital lifetime and enhance RCS deorbit capability by raising apogee to 210 nautical miles.

The major activities planned during the sixth through tenth mission work days include landmark tracking exercises, spacecraft systems exercises, and a multispectral terrain photography experiment for Earth resources studies.

The eleventh work period begins with stowage of onboard equipment and preparations for the SPS deorbit burn 700 miles southeast of Hawaii near the end of the 150th revolution. Splashdown for a 10-day mission will be at 9:k6 a.m. EST (238:46:30 GET) in the West Atlantic some 250 miles ESE of Bermuda and 1,290 miles east of Cape Kennedy (30,1 degrees north latitude by 59.9 degrees west longitude).

The Apollo 9 crew and spacecraft will be picked up by the landing platform-helicopter (LPH) USS Guadalcanal. The crew will be airlifted by helicopter the following morning to Norfolk, Va., and thence to the Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston. The spacecraft will be taken off the Guadalcanal at Norfolk, deactivated, and flown to the North American Rockwell Space Division plant in Downey, Calif., for postflight analysis.

The Saturn V launch vehicle with the Apollo spacecraft on top stands 363 feet tall. The five first stage engines of Saturn V develop a combined thrust of 7,720,174 pounds at first motion. Thrust increases with altitude until the total is 9,169*560 pounds an instant before center engine cutoff, scheduled for 2 minutes 14 seconds after liftoff. At that point, the vehicle is expected to be at an altitude of about 26 nm (30 sm, 45 km) and have a velocity of about 5,414 f/sec (1,650 m/sec, 3,205 knots, 3,691 mph). At first stage ignition, the space vehicle will weigh 6,486,915 pounds.

Apollo/Saturn V vehicles were launched Nov. 9, 1967, April 4, 1968, and Dec. 21, 1968, on Apollo missions. The last vehicle carried the Apollo 8 crew, the first two were unmanned.

The Apollo 9 Saturn V launch vehicle is different from the previous Saturn V!s in the following aspects:

Dry weight of the first stage has been reduced from 304,000 to 295,600 pounds.

The first stage fueled weight at ignition has been increased from 4,800,000 to 4,946,337 pounds.

Instrumentation measurements in the first stage have been reduced from 891 to 648.

The camera instrumentation electrical power system was not installed on the first stage, and the stage carries neither a film nor television camera system.

The second stage will be somewhat lighter and slightly more powerful than previous S-II's. Maximum vacuum thrust for J-2 engines was increased from 225,000 to 230,000 pounds each. This changed second stage total thrust from 1,125,000 to 1,150,000 pounds. The maximum S-II thrust on this flight is expected to be 1,154,254 pounds.

The approximate dry weight of the S-II has been reduced from 88,000 to 84,600 pounds. The interstage weight was reduced from 11,800 to 11,664 pounds. Weight of the stage fueled has been increased from 1,035*000 to 1,069,114 pounds.

The S-II instrumentation system was changed from research and development to operational, and instrumentation measurements were reduced from 1,226 to 927.

Major differences between the S-IVB used on Apollo 8 and the one for Apollo 9 include:

Dry stage weight decreased from 26,421 to 25,300 pounds. This does not include the 8,081-pound interstage section. Fueled weight of the stage has been decreased from 263,204 to 259*337 pounds.

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