Apollo Onboard Television

A lunar television camera of the type that will transmit a video signal back to Earth during Apollo lunar landing missions will be stowed aboard LM-3.

Two television transmissions are planned for Apollo 9 — one during the first manning and systems checkout of the LM, and the other during Schweickart's EVA. The first TV pass will be a test with the camera simply warmed up and passively transmitting during the systems checkout, and will last some seven minutes (46:27 - 46:34 GET) during a pass over the MILA tracking station.

After Schweickart has transferred EVA from the LM to the command module and back and is restrained by the "golden slippers" on the LM porch, McDIvitt will pass the TV camera out to him for a 10-minute pass over the GoIdstone and MILA stations (75:05 - 75:15 GET).

The video signal is transmitted to ground stations by the LM S-Band transmitter. Goldstone, Calif, and Merritt Island, Fla., are the two MSFN stations equipped for scan conversion and output to the Mission Control Center, although other MSFN stations are capable of recording the TV signal at the slow-scan rate.

The lunar television camera weighs 7.25 pounds and draws 6.5 watts of 24-32 volts DC power. Scan rate is 10 frames/sec. at 320 lines/frame. The camera body Is 10.6 inches long, 6.5 Inches wide and 3.4 inches deep. The bayonet lens mount permits lens changes by a crewman In a pressurized suit. Lenses for the camera Include a lunar day lens, lunar night lens, a wide-angle lens and a 100mm telephoto lens. The wide-angle, and lunar day lens will be carried with the Apollo 9 camera.

A tubular fitting on the end of the electrical power cable which plugs Into the bottom of the camera serves as a handgrip.

The Apollo lunar television camera is built by Westinghouse Electric Corporation Aerospace Division, Baltimore, Md. TV cameras carried on Apollo 7 and 8 were made by RCA.


The Apollo spacecraft for the Apollo 9 mission is comprised of a Command module 104, service module 104, lunar module 3* a spacecraft-lunar module adapter (SLA) 12 and a launch escape system. The SLA serves as a mating structure between the instrument unit atop the S-IVB stage of the Saturn V launch vehicle and as a housing for the lunar module.

Launch Escape System (LES)—Propels command module to safety in an aborted launch. It is made up of an open-frame tower structure mounted to the command module by four frangible bolts, and three solid-propellant rocket motors : a 147,000 pound-thrust launch escape system motor, a 2,400-pound-thrust pitch control motor and a 31>500-pound-thrust tower jettison motor. Two canard vanes near the top deploy to turn the command module aerodynam-ically to an attitude with the heat-shield forward. Attached to the base of the launch escape tower is a boost protective cover composed of glass, cloth and honeycomb, that protects the command module from rocket exhaust gases from the main and the jettison motor. The system is 33 feet tall, four feet in diameter at the base and weighs 8,848 pounds.

Command Module (CM) Structure—The basic structure of the command module is a pressure vessel encased in heat-shields, cone-shaped 12 feet high, base diameter of 12 feet 10 inches, and launch weight 12,405 pounds.

The command module consists of the forward compartment which contains two negative pitch reaction control engines and components of the Earth landing system; the crew compartment, or inner pressure vessel, containing crew accommodations, controls and displays, and spacecraft systems; and the aft compartment housing ten reaction control engines and propellant tankage.

Heat-shields around the three compartments are made of brazed stainless steel honeycomb with an outer layer of phenolic epoxy resin as an ablative material. Heat-shield thickness, varying according to heat loads, ranges from 0.7 inches (at the apex) to 2,7 inches on the aft side.

The spacecraft inner structure is of aluminum alloy sheet-aluminum honeycomb bonded sandwich ranging in thickness from 0.25 inches thick at forward access tunnel to 1.5 inches thick at base.

CSM 104 and LM-3 will carry for the first time the probe-and-drogue docking hardware. The probe assembly is a folding coupling and impact attentuating device mounted on the CM tunnel that mates with a conical drogue mounted on the LM docking tunnel. After the docking latches are dogged down following a docking maneuver, both the probe and drogue assemblies are removed from the vehicle tunnels and stowed to allow free crew transfer between the CSM and LM,


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